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Morphology, mechanical behavior, and prediction of A-glass/SiO2/epoxy nanocomposite using response surface methodology

Morphology, mechanical behavior, and prediction of A-glass/SiO2/epoxy nanocomposite using response surface methodology

Mohammadhossein Saberian, Faramarz Ashenai Ghasemi*, Ismail Ghasemi, Mohammad Sadegh Bagheri

Journal of Elastomers and Plastics, Volume 51, Issue 7-8, 2019(11-12), Pages 669-683. (JCR)

Abstract

Response surface methodology (RSM) is used to study the mechanical and morphological properties of glass fiber (GF)/epoxy composites. The Box–Behnken method was used to design the experiments and quantify the effects of GF content, glass fiber length (GFL), and silica nanoparticles (SiO2). Each variable consisted of three levels: GF (5, 10, and 15 wt%), GFL (3, 6, and 9 mm), and SiO2 (۰, ۰٫۷۵, and 1.5 wt%). Tensile tests were performed to obtain the tensile strength and elongation at break of the samples, and morphology properties were studied by a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results showed that at high levels of GF, the tensile strength, and elongation at break decreased up to 42% and 30%, respectively. Although increasing the GFL from 6 mm to 9 mm deceased tensile strength by 13%, the elongation at break increased by 7%. The presence of SiO2 at medium level in the composites decreased the elongation but enhanced the tensile strength by 10%. In addition, RSM was employed to develop the mathematical model between process variables. The developed models were validated by the analysis of variance. The R2 obtained from analysis of variance results and normal probability plots showed that the experimental data had a good agreement with those predicted by the models (above 0.95 for all responses).

Key Words

Mechanical properties; Response surface methodology; Morphology; Epoxy; Mechanical behavior

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